Pediatric Dentistry is a dental specialty that provides comprehensive preventive and therapeutic oral health care for infants and children through adolescence, including those with special health care needs.
Periodontics is the specialty of dentistry that focuses on the diagnosis and treatment of diseases affecting the gums and supporting structures of the teeth, and in the placement of dental implants.
Prosthodontics is the dental specialty that focuses on the diagnosis, treatment planning, rehabilitation, and maintenance of the oral function, comfort, appearance, and health of patients with clinical conditions associated with missing or deficient teeth and/or oral and maxillofacial tissues using biocompatible substitutes.
What Conditions Do Pedodontists Deal With?
- Educating children about oral hygiene,
- Protective and orthodontic treatment of milk teeth and permanent teeth,
- Fissure sealant and flour application,
- Providing healthy and regular nutrition education,
- Giving information about pedodontics to the parents of the children , giving information about the control intervals and treatments,
- Treatment of cavities in permanent and milk teeth,
- Application of crown veneer treatment to losses caused by bruises,
- Root canal treatment for children’s teeth when necessary,
- Treating broken teeth after trauma or impact,
- Performing compulsory tooth extractions,
- Making protective mouth plates for sports children in order to protect them from accidents that may happen during sports,
- Treatment of hereditary dental diseases in children,
- He is interested in situations such as the treatment of children’s gum disease.
When Do Children’s Teeth Form?
Milk teeth begin to erupt when the baby is between 6-8 months. By the age of 3, all of the milk teeth will come out. During infancy, 20 teeth erupt in the mouth. Milk teeth are more sensitive than permanent teeth and more susceptible to cavities and abrasions. At the age of 6, the milk teeth fall out and the permanent teeth begin to emerge. This can continue until the age of 13-14. This process of tooth change between the ages of 6 and 13-14 is called mixed dentition. During this mixed dentition, caries in primary teeth can also affect the health of other permanent teeth.
When Should My Baby Have Their First Dental Examination?
Babies should have their first oral and dental check-ups after 1 year of age. As a result of this control, you should have your child’s mouth and teeth checked at intervals recommended by your dentist. In this way, you can protect your child’s dental health by going to regular check-ups.
Protective Practices in Children
Fluorine and fissure sealant applications are the most common applications to protect the health of teeth in children. Both applications play a major role in protecting teeth from decay.
What is Fluor Application, How Is It Made?
Fluor application is applied to the tooth layers of the specially prepared fluor preparations, which have been cleaned from saliva, with a brush specially selected for this application. This process takes 5-10 minutes. After the application, teeth are not used for 1 hour, eating and drinking is prohibited. After 1 hour, food and drink can be consumed. However, milk and dairy products are not consumed 24 hours after the application.
What is Fissure Sealant Application, How Is It Done?
Fissure sealant application is the covering of the recesses and inner parts of the molars with a fluid filling material. The purpose of this application is to protect the molar teeth from caries, to prevent the accumulation of food residues by filling the recesses of the molars, which are very prone to caries, and to ensure that these teeth can be brushed much more comfortably and easily. In this way, the possibility of cavities in easily brushed and protected teeth is minimized.